Religious Existentialists

Religious existentialists, Jasper and Gabriel Marcel, believed that the being is cloaked in mystery. Jaspers is of the view that in this modern age becomes conscious of being as whole, of himself and his limitations. He experiences the terror of the world and his own powerlessness. He asks radical questions face to face with the... Continue Reading →

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Jean Paul Sartre

Jean Paul Sartre, the hierophant of modern existentialism,  believes that man is born into a kind of void (le heant) and leads a passive existence. But when he becomes aware of himself and experiences "agnnoisse" (anguish) he may come out of his passive existence. He would then feel the absurdity of his existence and despair.... Continue Reading →

Martin Heidegger

A significant feature of existentialism is that existence precedes essence. Heidegger makes a sharp distinction between essence and existence or being as according to him man is thrown into a particular situation (hineingeworfen) and burdened with certain inborn character and intelligence. The situation is not chosen by the individual but it all happens without his... Continue Reading →

Kierkegaard

The beginning of existentialism can be traced down to Kierkegaard who developed the conviction that through God and in God man may succeed in freeing himself from tension and discontent and may find peace of mind and spiritual serenity. According to him an individual is quite unique in nature and hence insisted that the highest... Continue Reading →

Desai – a grassroot existentialist

Anita Desai's novels assert her interest in individuals rather than in social concerns by focusing on the inner emotional world of her characters struggling against the absurdity of life or trying to cope with the existentialist problems with utmost sincerity. All her woman characters - Maya, Monisha, Sita, Bim and Nanda Kaul are endowed with... Continue Reading →

True Existentialist

Many renowned writers such as Dostoyevsky, Graham Greene, Patrick White, Joyce Cary, Conrad, Kafka, Colin Wilson, Paul Tillich, Martin Buber, Samuel Beckett, J.D. Salinger, Thomas Hardy etc., have been influenced by existential philosophy. Their writings gives a vivid picture of man who is a stranger in the world and who moves about in a state... Continue Reading →

Existential Relevance

The modern system of belief made famous by Jean Paul Sartre in the 1970, existentialism, now applies to a vision of the condition and existence of man, his place and function in the world and his relationship or lack of one, with God. Existentialism is a style of philosophising rather than a body of doctrines... Continue Reading →

LITERATURE AND PHILOSOPHY

The need experienced by modern philosophy to approach a being as it is felt from within has resulted in the union of existentialism and absurdism in literature which has left a profound impression on the attitudes of the common reader and hence is continuing to be active. John Wild, writing on the need of philosophy... Continue Reading →

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